The Kingdom of Funan
- Chinese ancient documents dating from the start of the 1st century describe the Kingdom of Funan. The then recorded King was called Fan Man a former war lord who assumed the mantle of the Hindus '' maharaja ‘’ and who adopted Indian forms of administration and religion. Funan maintained relations with India and China and ruled the region for 500 years.
- Some of Kingdom of Funan former capital and major cities can now be seen as ruins at Samrong Sen, Angkor Borei, Ba Phnom, and Sophas in Cambodia and Oc Eo in what is now Vietnam. As there are no written records remaining today as to the extent of the Kingdom of Funan we look at the locations of archaelogical sites, the art work and architecture, carbon dating and the earth works remaining of roads and canals that linked the Funan communities to better understand more.
- Oc Eo was a port of international significance in the ancient trade routes from Rome in Italy, through Arabia, the Indian Sub Continent, South East Asia and China. Through Oc Eo Indian traders arrived with new ideas, introducing the Indian alphabet, the Saka Calendar and the Hindu and later Buddhist religions. In about 480 King Jayavarman 1 but a new capital at Ba Phnom. This was abandoned after war with the new Kingdom of Chenla from the North and another Capital was built in 514 at Angkor Borei. How far the Kingdom of Funan expanded we cannot be certain. Other important centers were Sophas and Samrong Sen.