Prasat Sikhoraphum Khmer Monument In Surin
- Prasat Sikhoraphum is a Khmer Hindhu temple located in Ban Prasat, Tambon Ra Ngaeng, Sikhoraphum District in Surin province in southern Northeast Thailand. Surin Province is east of Burirum Province.
- In Surin there are some 13 historic Khmer monuments to see. Prasat Sikhoraphum is the largest and best preserved Khmer monument. Prasat Si Khoraphum is located at Ban Prasat, Tambon Ra Ngaeng, Amphoe Sikhoraphum, 34 kilometers east from the main Province town at Amphoe Prasat 800 meters north off the Surin Sikhoraphum road.
- The Khmer architecture. Here there are five Prangs made of bricks as shown in the images here and these are mounted on a laterite base. The architectural layout is called a ''quincunx'' and can be seen also in some of the Angkor monuments such as Angkor Wat. The Temple is The central Prang is 32 meters high. It is famous for its intricately carved sandstone lintel, colonettes, and pilasters. In traditional Khmer architecture the structure is partly surrounded by a moat formed by large ponds.
- The Lintel bas relief. Above the entrance to the central tower (or Prang) is a lintel depicted to Shiva. Here Shiva with ten arms dances above the head of Kala. This is one of the best preserved stone Khmer lintels in Thailand. The work is illustrated in the images here.
- The two Devata bas reliefs. The Central Prang faces east and on other post to the front door on the east and west side, facing east is a Devata. These are the only two such devata in Thailand and outside Cambodia. These prominent figures flank the doorway. The purpose for the Devata is not understood and there is academic discussion on the subject.
- The Guardians bas reliefs.
- The Nagas Carvings. Here the Naga are three headed. The role of the Naga in Khmer mythology is explained here.