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History Chronology of South Thailand

This Chronology highlights and puts into historical perspective events in South Thailand:
  • 200-500 Indianised period
  • 500-800 Mon Kingdoms in the north
  • 700-1300 Srivijaya Empire
  • 1100-1300 Khmer Empire in the South
  • 1250 Nakhon Si Thammarat becomes the centre of Theravada Buddhism from the Mahavihara Monastery in Sri Lanka from where it then went to the Khmer Angkor Empire, Lanna, Sukhothai and Lop Buri
  • 1275-99 Islam is introduced into South East Asia
  • 1294 Tai Sukhothai Empire enters the South and a Tai ruling house is installed at Nakhon Si Thammarat from where suzerian and vassal relations are established with Malay Kingdoms
  • 1300's Ayuthaya Empire enters the South
  • 1689 after the 1688 revolution in Ayuthaya and the expulsion of or imprisonment of most Europeans, the French seek to gain access to Phuket for its Tin but are denied entry
  • 1785 Mon Burmese invade Phuket after other victories in South Thailand but at Thalang on Phuket Island, its ancient capital, the Burmese are defeated led by the two sisters whose statue is locted there today
  • 1785 Penang , then part of the Siam Empire is ceded to Britain by the Sultan of Kedah
  • 1897 Anglo-Siamese Convention defines today's modern Southern borders with Malaysia
  • 1909 Siam cedes the Provinces of Kelantan, Kedah, Perlis and Terengganu to the British in the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909