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Chronology of Central Thailand History

This chronology highlights and puts into historical perspective events in Central Thailand of interest to travelers today.
  • 250 King Ashoka in India sends Buddhist monks to Nakhon Pathon to preach Buddhism
  • 11-13C Lop Buri merged into Khmer Empire
  • 1219 Khmer power fades and Sukhothai Empire now dominates from the North
  • 1292 King Ramkhamhaeng of Sukhothai inscribes in stone the Thai Alphabet he is acclaimed as creating
  • 1350 City of Ayuthaya is created by King Ramathibodi (U Thong)
  • 1351 Tai-Siam Mandala formed
  • 1431 Siamese Tai of Ayuthaya invade and conquer the Khmers and the Kingdom of Angkor and sack Angkor
  • 1438 Empire of Sukhothai absorbed into the Ayutthaya Empire ending the Sukhothai Empire
  • 1511 Portuguese arrive in Ayutthaya and in 1516 establish diplomatic relations
  • 1569 Mon Burmese capture Ayutthaya and Vientiane (Laos)
  • 1590 King Naresuan rules in Ayutthaya and with it, resistance to the Mon Burmese
  • 1593 Battle of Nong Sarai at which Naresuan defeats the Burmese invaders
  • 1662 Siamese Tai led by Narai invade Burma
  • 1668 1668 Palace Revolution in Ayutthaya
  • 1732 Summer Palace commissioned by King Prasart Thong
  • 1767 Ayuthaya sacked by Burmese ending the Ayutthayan Empire
  • 1767 Taksin establishes new capital at Thon Buri, (on west bank of Chao Phraya River)
  • 1768 Taksin becomes King
  • 1778 General Chao Phraya Chakri (Chakri) captures Vientiane
  • 1782 Chakri becomes King Rama I of Kingdom of Siam heralding the start of the Bangkok Empire
  • 1783 Wat Phra Kaeo (Temple of the Emerald Buddha) construction starts
  • 1787 Wat Buddhaisawan construction starts (Bangkok)
  • 1828 Siamese invade and sack Vientiane and take back North East Thailand
  • 1851 King Mongkut comes to the throne (Rama IV)
  • 1868 King Mongkut dies and his son Chulalongkorn becomes King Rama 5
  • 1893 France asserts sovereignty over Laos (a Tai nation)
  • 1893 French gun boats sail up the Chao Praya River (the Pakham incident)
  • 1905 slavery abolished in Siam
  • 1932 constitutional monarchy established and absolute monarchy abolished
  • 1939 Siam renamed to become ‘’ Thailand ‘’
  • 1941 Ko Chang naval battle with France in Gulf of Thailand