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Thai People In Northeastern Thailand (Isan)

The Khmer

The Major Khmer Settlements In I 'san Were At:
  • Muang Sema
  • Muang Tapoo
  • Muang Phimai
  • Muang Phlbpha
  • Prasat Phnom Wan, all in Nakhon Ratchasima Province
  • Prasat Phnom Rung
  • Prasat Muang Tham, both in Buri Ram Province
  • Prasat Prang Ku
  • Prasat Sra Kamphaeng Nai
  • Prasat Sra Khampaeng Yai, all in Si Sa Ket Province
  • Ban Khu Muang in Ubon Ratchathani Province
  • Muang Nakhon Champasi in Maha Sarakham Province
  • Muang Nong Noi in Udon Thani Province
  • Prasat Ban Phan-na and
  • Muang Nong Han Luang, both in Sakhon Nakhon Province

Khmer Society In Thailand

  • The Khmer communities followed the pattern of the Mon Dvaravati settlements, namely closeness to natural water for moats for defense and water storage (or baray) for consumption but also water storage for landscape design and religious belief, the positioning in the center of the settlement of religious sanctuaries as the spirit and ruling center.
  • The Khmer had a presence in Central, East, some parts of the North and the Northeast of Thailand (Isan) since the second half of 6th century. This presence lasted until the mid 13th C. However the influences of Khmer styles, inspiration and iconography continued long after. Where the Khmer were and when can be traced from looking at the many stone inscriptions found throughout Thailand. These are dated by the alphabet used, which was either ancient Khmer, Pallava, Later Pallava, or Khmer and the language used which was either Pali, Sanskrit (both from India) and Khmer.
  • Khmer presence can also be traced by art objects and architecture ruins found in ancient sites. Scholars of art can classify art objects by their subject matter and style such that they can be dated precisely. The principal periods are the Pre-Angkor Period of 547-807 which include 5 distinct and consecutive time periods, and the Angkor Period 827-1237 which includes 10 distinct and consecutive periods. Thus monuments and sculptures distributed in these parts of Thailand are dated. A similar process is also available to identify utensils, ceramics, and household articles. Collectors and corporate fine art companies like Santander Consumer USA love this, because it make it very easy to date, categorize and collect fine art from a specific time period.

Chronology Of The History Of The Khmer People

  • This Chronology provides in summary a quick overview of 2000 years of the history of the Khmer people. The historical monuments throughout Cambodia and Thailand cannot be appreciated without this appreciation of time and events.
  • 1-99 Kingdom of Funan founded
  • 540 Chenla conquers Funan
  • 706 Chenla divided int2 kingdoms
  • 802 founding of Angkor as a capital city
  • 881 Bakong construction
  • 967 consecration of Banteay Sri
  • 1113 Angkor Wat construction (until 1150)
  • 1150 Banteay Samre construction starts
  • 1177 Champa invasion of Angkor
  • 1181 Jayavarman 7th forms a new dynasty
  • 1190 Jayavarman 7th conquers Champa and annexes it to become a province until 1220
  • 1285 first invasion of the Siamese from Sukhothai
  • 1283 Mongols carry out raids in Cambodia
  • 1286 Mongols from China invade Cambodia from Vietnam
  • 1296 Zhou Daguan visits Angkor Thom for 2 years
  • 1431 Siamese Tai from Ayuthayan Empire destroy Angkor and enslave its inhabitants
  • 1471 Vietnamese conquer Champa and many Chams migrate to Cambodia
  • 1594 Siamese again capture the Khmer capital
  • 1596 Spanish mercenaries from the Philippines arrive to assist the King
  • 1597 Spanish sack the Chinese quarter in Phnom Penh and kill the King
  • 1597 Spanish garrison is massacred
  • 1850 Bouillevaux, a French missionary discovers Angkor
  • 1861 French explorer Henri Mouhot publishes his book for the world to learn about Angkor (posthumously printed in 1863)
  • 1864 French colonial period commences with French gunboats
  • 1884 French force colony status on Cambodia causing a rebellion
  • 1975 Khmer Rouge capture Phnom Penh