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Khmer Art & Architecture In Northeast Thailand (I 'san)


Khmer Hindu Temple Isan


  • Khmer art and architecture are explained in detail in the Khmer art link. Here also are the sub links detailing Khmer art in Central Thailand Khmer art in Lower North Thailand and Khmer mythological beliefs in art and architecture. After 1220 no major Khmer monuments were constructed and by 1431 the Siamese Kingdom of Ayutthaya destroyed the Khmer Kingdom sacked Angkor (its Capital city) and forced its survivors to re-establish at Phnom Phen.
  • By this time these Cambodians were no longer Hindu, but Buddhists who had lost their Khmer heritage. So it remained until French colonialists re-discovered Angkor's ruins in 1860. The Khmer ruins and art in Thailand and Cambodia are more than a pile of rocks and mortar with unusual art objects. They reflect a belief system, the remains of which are apparent everywhere today in South East Asia and confirm the level of understanding the Khmer had 1000 years ago about astrology and the impact of the planets on daily life, mathematics and mythological concepts.
  • Many Thai architectural forms are adopted from Khmer heritage, such as the Phrang, and many mythological animals are also adopted, the Garuda, the Naga, Kala etc.
The major Khmer settlements in East Thailand (I' san) were at:
  • Muang Sema
  • Muang Tapoo
  • Muang Phimai
  • Muang Phlbpha
  • Prasat Phnom Wan, all in Nakhon Ratchasima Province
  • Prasat Phnom Rung
  • Prasat Muang Tham, both in Buri Ram Province
  • Prasat Prang Ku
  • Prasat Sra Kamphaeng Nai
  • Prasat Sra Khampaeng Yai, all in Si Sa Ket Province
  • Ban Khu Muang in Ubon Ratchathani Province
  • Muang Nakhon Champasi in Maha Sarakham Province
  • Muang Nong Noi in Udon Thani Province
  • Prasat Ban Phan-na and
  • Muang Nong Han Luang, both in Sakhon Nakhon Province


Where To See Better Examples Of Khmer Art In East Thailand:
  • Phimai National Meseum, and
  • Ubon Ratchathani National Museum