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Khmer Art In Central Thailand

  • Khmer and Lop Buri art refers to the art of the Khmer people. In the 6th century the Khmer settled North Eastern Thailand (I'san) and the area which today is Cambodia. Lop Buri, a town in the central Chao Phraya Valley was the major city for Khmer administration in Thailand.
  • The Khmer Empire ruled Thailand from 7th century until the mid 13th C. Khmer culture was dominant between the 11th to 13th centuries particularly in the East (I'san), such as at Phimai and Phanom Rung.
  • In the prior period the Khmer Empire was divided between the Upper Chenla on the Mun River Basin and Lower Chenla. The art of Upper Chenla is referred to as Kompong style (8th to 9th centuries). The art of the later period is referred to as the Bayon Style. Following the death of Jayavarman the 7th in 1219 Khmer power faded and the Kingdom of Sukhothai emerged as the dominant political force.
  • Khmer art in Thailand is varied. There was the pre-Angkorian period of 7th to 10th century, when Khmer Temples and monuments were constructed in I 'san, the Angkor period until 13th century when the Khmer ruled parts of Thailand and the prior cultural domination of the Mon Dvaravati waned in the 11th century and later when Thai artists copied or were aesthetically influenced to create a merged style we call Lop Buri.



Wat Phra Sam Yod At Lop Buri


The Khmer In Central Thailand

The major Khmer settlements in Central Thailand were at:
  • Prasat Kamphaeng Lang in Phetchaburi Province
  • Muang Kosinarayana in Ratchaburi Province
  • Muang Singh in Kanchanaburi Province
  • Noen Thang Phra in Suphan Buri Province
  • Muang Lop Buri
  • Muang Si Mahosot (Phra Roth) in Prachin Buri Province
  • Muang Phai, and
  • Prasat Khao Noi, both in Sa Kaeo Province


Where To Find Khmer Ruins In Central Thailand

In Central Thailand Khmer ruins can be found at the major Khmer settlements at:
  • Prasat Kamphaeng Lang in Phetchaburi Province
  • Muang Kosinarayana in Ratchaburi Province
  • Muang Singh in Kanchanaburi Province
  • Noen Thang Phra in Suphan Buri Province
  • Muang Lopburi
  • Muang Si Mahosot (Phra Roth) in Prachin Buri Province
  • Muang Phai, and
  • Prasat Khao Noi, both in Sa Kaeo Province