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Chiang Rai Province National Parks

  • The Thailand Government defines North Thailand as consisting of both (1) the 84,000 square kilometre comprising 8 provinces of Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Phayao, Nan, Lampang, Lamphun, Phrae and Mae Hong Son, which area originally comprised the Lan Na principalities detailed in the North Thailand History link (the Upper North), and (2) the 86,000 square kilometres of the Lower North, comprising the provinces of Kamphaeng Phet, Tak, Sukhothai, Uttaradit, Uthai Thani, Nakhon Sawan, Phichit Phitsanulok and Phetchabun, which area originally comprised the Kingdoms of Sukhothai and later the northern parts of the Kingdom of  Ayutthaya, Thon Buri and Bangkok Empires.
  • The discernable differences between the Upper and Lower North Thailand is explained in the Northern Thailand section.
  • Chiang Rai is both the name of Chiang Rai Province and its capital city, Chiang Rai City. Chiang Rai City is the principal point of arrival for tourists to the region. The Lan Na principalities are also the home of the Khong Muang (Tai Yuan) people as discussed in the North Thailand people links.


  • The biogeographical region of Chiang Rai Province consists of a mountainous region with river valleys which include the highest elevations in Thailand. Accordingly many central Asian species of animals and plants reach their southern distributions in these mountain areas. The surrounding lowlands also provide southern habitat for other species. By biogeography we refer to the distribution of animals and plants and particular geography.
  • The major ecosystems in Chiang Rai Province are Hill Evergreen Forest, Mixed Deciduous Forest, Deciduous Dipterocarp Forest and Pine Forest.
  • There are 3 National Parks in Chiang Rai Province.