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Chiang Mai Province National Parks

  • The Thailand Government defines North Thailand as consisting of both (1)the 84,000 square kilometre comprising 8 provinces of Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Phayao, Nan, Lampang, Lamphun, Phrae and Mae Hong Son, which area originally comprised the Lan Na principalities detailed in the North Thailand History link (the Upper North), and (2) the 86,000 square kilometres of the Lower North, comprising the provinces of Kamphaeng Phet, Tak, Sukhothai, Uttaradit, Uthai Thani, Nakhon Sawan, Phichit Phitsanulok and Phetchabun, which area originally comprised the Kingdoms of Sukhothai and later the northern parts of the Kingdom of  Ayutthaya, Thon Buri and Bangkok Empires.
  • The discernable differences between the Upper and Lower North Thailand is explained in the Northern Thailand section.
  • Chiang Mai is both the name of Chiang Mai Province and its capital city, Chiang Mai City. Chiang Mai City is the principal point of arrival for tourists to the region. The Lan Na principalities are also the home of the Khong Muang (Tai Yuan) people as discussed in the North Thailand people links.
  • Chiang Mai is both the name of Chiang Mai Province in Northern Thailand and the name of its capital City. This can be confusing to tourists.
  • Chiang Mai City was founded in the 13 C on the Ping River.


  • The biogeographical region of Chiang Mai Province consists of a mountainous region with river valleys which include the highest elevations in Thailand. Accordingly many central Asian species of animals and plants reach their southern distributions in these mountain areas. The surrounding lowlands also provide southern habitat for other species. By biogeography we refer to the distribution of animals and plants and particular geography.
  • The major ecosystems in Chiang Mai Province are Hill Evergreen Forest, Mixed Deciduous Forest, Deciduous Dipterocarp Forest and Pine Forest.
  • There are 13 National Parks in Chiang Mai Province.