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Western Forest Complex Thailand

  • Biodiversity corridors can be continuous strips of land or 'stepping stones' that are patches of suitable habitat used to improve ecological coherence and for combating fragmentation. They provide functional linkages between core protected areas stimulating or allowing species migration between areas. 
  • In the selection of biodiversity conservation landscapes in the GMS, careful attention has been given to efforts already undertaken by GMS countries in collaboration with various conservation organizations, such as:
  • BirdLife International
  • Critical Ecosystems Partnership Fund (CEPF)
  • International Centre for Environment Management (ICEM)
  • Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI)
  • World Conservation Union (IUCN)
  • Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)
  • World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).

In particular, the identification of the 9 biodiversity conservation landscapes was based on the following criteria:

  • the presence of landscape species
  • ecological processes that occur over large spatial areas
  • globally important species that will be affected by development and require urgent conservation
  • representation of the ecoregions in the GMS
  • areas falling within the GMS economic corridors
  • areas affected by the zone of influence along a major transnational road in the GMS
  • in a designated hotspot
  • able to support landscape species and ecological processes
  • important for their ecological services.
The nine priority biodiversity conservation landscapes selected in the G.M.S. are;
  1. Western Forest Complex (Thailand and Myanmar)
  2. Tonle Sap Inundation Zone (Cambodia)
  3. Cardamom and Elephant Mountains (Cambodia)
  4. Northern Plains Dry Forests (Cambodia)
  5. Eastern Plains Dry Forests (Cambodia and Vietnam)
  6. Tri-Border Forests (Laos and Vietnam)
  7. Central Annamites (Laos and Vietnam)
  8. Northern Annamites (Laos and Vietnam)
  9. Mekong Headwaters (Yunnan China and Myanmar)''.

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