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Mon Art In The Kingdom Of Haripunchai

  • In the Mon controlled Thailand there was the Dvaravati Kingdom of the central Chao Phra Valley and to its north the Mon Kingdom of Haripunchai, the capital of which was the town Haripunchai (now called Lamphun).
  • Mon Haripunchai architecture is distinct in form and serves Buddhist functions. Mon Haripunchai sculpture was unique in style and has no images of Hindu deities unlike the art elsewhere in Thailand. This Buddhist art is in stone, terracotta, stucco and bronze. The facial features are distinctly styled and the mode of dress is Indian, (9th – 10th C Pala-Sena style of north eastern India).
  • The facial features include curly hair, well proportioned bodies, prominent eyes, incised moustaches and neck wrinkles typically not Thai as we understand today's ethnic features of the locals. The art style was influence by Pala in India.


Where To Find Better Examples Of Mon Art & Architecture In Lan Na

  • The better examples of architecture are, Wat Chamatewi in Lamphun, the Chedi of Wat Phya in Nan, Wat Chedi Ched Yot in Chiang Mai, Wat Chedi Si Liem built in Wiang Kun Gam (1300), the Suwanan Chedi at Wat Phra That Haripunchai in Lamphun (9th C) and the brick Chedi of Chiang Saen's Wat Pasuk (1295).
  • At these monuments you will also find good examples of Mon art used as decorations.
  • Good examples of art pieces are also to be seen at National Museums at Lamphun, Chiang Mai and Bangkok, Wat Phra that Haripunchai and Wat Chamatewi in Lamphun.