Wat Pananchoeng predates the founding of
Ayutthaya. The temple is Buddhist but also has a Chinese character in side and around it are numerous Chinese Temples for numerous Chinese Gods and other Deities. It is not known who built it.
contains the oldest, largest and most beautiful Buddha image of all,
the Phra Chao Phananchoeng. It is 14.25 meters wide and 19 meters
high, made of mortar, primed with black lacquer and covered with gold
leaf. The shape of face and broad facial features confirm that this
Buddha image is of the period of second generation U Thong style Buddha
Behind the Buddha in the walls are hundreds of niches containing small
Buddha images that represent donations by devotees. Thai people revere
this Buddha and pray to it for good luck. It has been subject to many restorations by the varying kings of
Ayutthaya, including a complete renovation by King Mongkut in 1854 A.D.
In 1901 it was badly damaged by fire, so King Chulalongkorn oversaw its
repair in 1902 A.D. In 1928 the face began to break apart, so the
Royal Institute organized for the repair.
Opposite outside the temple is a very large Chinese cemetery. Many believe the Buddha image was once repaired by Zheng He the famous Chinese explorer who led hundreds of Ming ships to explore Asia and Africa to establish diplomatic relationships, exercise Chinese influence and develop trade for China.
The small Chinese shrine in the picture below is in the Wat grounds and opposite the river. Here is the image of a Chinese Princess sent to marry a King of Ayutthaya who suffocated herself to death on arrival in Ayutthaya. Legend has it she was petulant and was offended that her husband the King did not come to great her and escort from her ship on arrival.
Map Of Ancient Ayutthaya Ruins Where to Find Wat Phanan Choeng.